At first glance, Japanese dishes may seem exotic and in need of special products.

At first glance, Japanese dishes may seem exotic and in need of special products.

MF Ivanov was reorganized into a zonal and renamed the Ukrainian Research Institute of Animal Husbandry of the steppe regions. MF Ivanov – "Askania-Nova"…

Every year the scientific and cognitive value of zoological and botanical parks and protected steppe grows. In the postwar period, the zoo restored the number of livestock, and a number of valuable species significantly exceeded the prewar level. In 1971, the zoo had more than 120 species of animals – more than 4,000 heads. It was a large breeding ground for wild ungulates and birds.

The botanical park, founded in 1887 on 28 hectares, in 1971 had an area of ​​۷۰ hectares. There are 14 trees of 162 species and thousand varieties. This is a real forest with giant trees and picturesque meadows. Except that the sandy alleys and garden benches remind that this is a park. In the steppe, scorched by forty-degree heat, dry winds and storms, the beautiful park is green and expanding – a real miracle of nature, the result of great human work.

Immediately behind the park is a protected steppe, a unique, priceless monument of nature. This land, not occupied by man, is reminiscent of the distant past.

The virgin steppe of Askania-Nova is the only part of the feather-fescue steppe not only in the south of the country, but also in Europe. Everywhere you look, steppe grasses are pleasing to the eye, feathers shimmer in the waves. Herds of antelopes, deer, wild horses, zebras, bison, bison, and ostriches graze freely and nest in the Askanian steppe. The area of ​​the protected steppe has been increased from 1,520 to 11,000 hectares.

Every year Askania-Nova, the pearl of the southern steppe, blooms more and more magnificently.


National Holidays of Japan. Japanese cuisine – healthy eating. Tokyo. Abstract

The abstract provides information about the national holidays of Japan, the features of Japanese cuisine, which is based on healthy eating

National Holidays of Japan

January 15 is the Day of Adulthood. February 11 State Foundation Day. March 21 Day of the spring equinox. April 29 is Green Day. May 3 is Constitution Day. May 4 Day of rest. May 5 Children’s Day. July 20 Sea Day. September 15 Day of honoring the elderly. September 21 is the day of the autumn equinox. October 10 Sports Day. November 3 Culture Day. November 23 Labor Day. December 23 Birthday of the current Emperor Akihito.

Japanese cuisine – healthy eating

In recent decades, the Japanese have shown interest in European products. They are increasingly eating bread, spaghetti, meat, sausages, frankfurters, ham, vegetables such as lettuce, cauliflower, asparagus, parsley, peppers, as well as biscuits, chocolate, ice cream. They began to drink coffee, cocoa, fruit juices, beer, temples, wine, cognac. However, traditional dishes of national cuisine, based on rice, vegetables, fish and other seafood, are still preferred.

And today, despite significant changes, Japanese food differs from Western food in terms of calories, consumption of proteins and fats, and in its structure. It continues to retain its specificity: a significant proportion of starchy substances, the predominance of vegetable proteins over animal, consumption of a significant proportion of animal protein from fish products, a large proportion of rice and, of course, generally low calorie compared to other developed countries.

Nowadays, when the culture of a healthy lifestyle is winning people’s minds, Japanese cuisine is gaining more and more followers in different countries, as it is associated with the concept of proper nutrition. Indeed, the combination of traditional foods (rice, seafood, vegetables, soy) with animal products and fruits has a beneficial effect on health.

In all civilized countries, it is recommended to eat less animal fats, foods containing cholesterol, sugar and salt, and more fiber. And it is Japanese cuisine that meets such recommendations. And it is not surprising that everyday Japanese food is growing in popularity abroad, where they begin to eat sushi, miso, tofu and soba.

Fostering interest in Japanese cuisine, not only Japanese chefs, but also their followers in different countries open numerous schools, publish many books and brochures with recipes. Japanese restaurants grow like mushrooms. They have already conquered, for example, the west coast of the United States, where Japanese immigrants have traditionally lived, Paris, London, and now they have appeared in Moscow and Kiev.

At first glance, Japanese dishes may seem exotic and in need of special products. However, the proposed recipes can be used in our conditions.

First, because we have many previously unknown vegetables and fruits, poultry and fish, seafood, various spices, and soy products; tofu, prepared according to Japanese recipes, can, for example, be bought even in a regular supermarket.

Secondly, because a number of products are completely interchangeable. For example, sake can be replaced with vodka, mirin – dessert wine, siitake – veshanka, porcini mushrooms, boletus edulis, redheads or honeysuckle; batun and leeks – green, edible chrysanthemum – spinach, rice vinegar – apple.

In addition, such an exotic component of some Japanese dishes as campe (sliced ​​dried pumpkin) can be stockpiled in the fall at home. Siso, like other liquid aromatic plants, gradually comes into the field of view of gardeners and is grown in backyards. And in general, housewives are not forbidden to show their own imagination.


Tokyo is the capital prefecture. Located on the Kanto Plain of the Pacific coast of Honshu.

Administratively, the metropolitan prefecture of Tokyo consists of 23 special districts, 26 separate cities, 7 villages and 8 villages. Administratively, it includes the islands of Izu and Ogasawara. Prefecture area – 2156.8 square meters. km, population – 11,772 thousand people. (1995). Including the area of ​​the city – 615.8 square meters. km, population – 7966 thousand people.

The city of Tokyo was founded in 1457 as a feudal castle in the fishing village of Edo; until 1868 it was the residence of the shoguns. After the restoration of Meiji – the seat of the emperor and government. At the same time received its current name Tokyo – the Eastern capital.

Until the 60’s, Tokyo was the center of a large number of manufacturing enterprises, now many large enterprises are removed from the city limits, the city is developing mainly science-intensive and high-tech industries. There are about 50 thousand enterprises in the city, 66.5% of them have up to 10 people. employees. 55% of the city’s working residents are employed in the service sector.

In recent years, Tokyo has become one of the largest financial centers in the world. In terms of financial transactions, the Tokyo Stock Exchange is comparable to the famous stock exchanges of New York and London.

Tokyo – the main transport hub of the country with two international airports; high-speed railways and high-speed highways converge on it, for which overpasses with complex multi-level interchanges are laid through densely built-up neighborhoods. The city is permeated by an extensive network of subway lines and land electric trains – the main type of public transport. Every day the city’s transport system is used by about 25 million people.

Tokyo is a scientific and cultural center with the oldest private and public universities in the country – Tokyo, Waseda, Keio, Josei, Hitotsuba, and others. The city has more than 400 art galleries, as well as dozens of state, municipal and other museums. One of the largest is the Tokyo National Museum (1871), which is an important scientific center. It houses 85,000 works of painting, sculpture, and applied art. There are also the Tokyo National Science Museum (natural science collections – about 500 thousand exhibits), the National Museum of Contemporary Art (1952), the Museum of Japanese Folk Art (1936), some private galleries.

Tokyo is a city where antiquity and modernity, fashionable areas and quiet narrow streets are strangely combined. During the twentieth century. Tokyo was destroyed almost to the ground twice – in 1923 as a result of an earthquake and in 1945 as a result of American bombing. Tokyo’s urban development received a powerful impetus in preparation for the 1964 Summer Olympics, and in recent decades Tokyo’s appearance has changed radically. "bushes" high-rise office buildings erected in its various districts (for example, Shinjuku, Shibuya, Ikebukuro).

The main offices of the largest corporations and banks are located in the business district of Marunouti. Next to Marunouti is Ginza – "showcase" Tokyo and all over Japan, a traditional shopping and cultural center with many cafes, restaurants, cinemas and other leisure venues.

Of great interest to visitors to Tokyo is the area of ​​the Imperial Palace with its surrounding moats, Akasaka Palace (1909) – an interesting example of Western architecture, so popular in Japan during the Meiji period, Asakusa, ancient temples – Gokokuji and the goddess Cannon, 1958 Tokyo TV Tower) and the Museum of wax figures, which is located in it.

In March 1991, the tallest building in Tokyo was put into operation – a 354-meter complex of the capital’s administration (architect Tange Kenzo), etc.

The favorite recreation place of Tokyo are parks and squares (more than 3.6 thousand), but their area is only about 5 thousand hectares (6 square meters per capita). The most famous park in the area of ​​the Imperial Palace, as well as parks Hibia, Meiji, Ueno.

The city has 1,750 Shinto and 2,953 Buddhist temples.


National nature park "Hutsul region"… Abstract

Territory, relief and climate of the park. Pokutsko-Bukovynian Carpathians. Cheremosh river. Flora and fauna. Hutsul forests. Recreational potential. Wooden church in the village of Gorod

National nature park "Hutsul region" created by the Decree of the President of Ukraine of May 14, 2002. It is located within the Kosiv district of Ivano-Frankivsk region and covers an area of ​​۳۲,۲۷۱ hectares. Of this area, 7,606 hectares of land are provided to the park for permanent use, and 24,665 hectares are included in its composition without withdrawal from land users.

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